Ferns are land plants with a vascular system (mosses and their allies do not have a vascular system). Ferns do not produce seeds on cones (like conifers) or flowers (like the flowering plants). They reproduce by spores, which are borne on the under the surface of mature leaves.

Structure of a fern

The redwood forest is home to a wide variety of ferns, here are just a few.

Sword fern
Lady fern
Deer fern
Five-fingered fern

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